Local News

June 26, 2013

Nelson Pioneer Farm artifacts

Do you know what this is?


This past week's Nelson Pioneer Farm artifact is a cream separator.

The artifact has been a popular item this past week. People have responded via email, Facebook and by letter.

The Herald received around 22 responses. The people who responded identified the artifact as a cream separator.

Here is the response from Betty Barnard, who dropped off a note at the Herald office: “This is a hand cranked milk separator which gets the milk and cream in different buckets. I used one for many years a big improvement from before waiting for cream to come on top and taking it off of milk by dipper. They had to be washed every time after use. Then I was lucky that my husband bought me a electric one which now I have on my yard for flowers.”

Nelson Pioneer Farm curator Kelly Halbert has done some research on the cream separator.

These were first introduced about 1877 — using centrifugal force to separate the lighter cream from the heavier skim milk. Previously, cream was just allowed to rise to the top of the milk — fat molecules being lighter than milk molecules.

The process had been in existance for at least 20 years, but the problem of stopping and starting to empty the separated liquids made all previous machines impractical. Dr. DeLaval worked on the process, eventually including wings that held the seperated liquids apart and drained them off into different containers made Cream Separators an essential part of the buttermaking process and increase yields by 10 percent. In addition, it sped up the process enough to make shipping to distant creameries a feasible goal.

The seperator shown here is a DeLaval Separator, produced in New York about 1919.

The invention of the cream separator effectively created the dairy industry as we know it today, taking it out of the farmwife's home production and creating large national industry,” Halbert wrote.

Text Only
Local News
  • North Mahaska Jazz North Mahaska Jazz Band are Class 1A state jazz champions

    April 19, 2014 1 Photo

  • DOT photo Public learns latest about Northwest Bypass at DOT meeting OSKALOOSA -- Many area residents learned the latest about the U.S. 63 Northwest Bypass of Oskaloosa at a public information meeting held Wednesday evening at Oskaloosa Middle School. The two-hour meeting featured tables with maps of the three propose

    April 18, 2014 1 Photo

  • Windmill photo Windmill undergoes restoration OSKALOOSA -- The Mahaska County Historical Society is pleased to announce that the Mahaska County Iowa Farm Bureau Federation is funding the restoration of the Baker/Gilchrist Windmill. The Baker windmill at Oskaloosa's Nelson Pioneer Farm and Museu

    April 17, 2014 1 Photo

  • Women's Club photo Oskaloosa Women's ClubSpring Luncheon set for April 25 OSKALOOSA -- The annual Oskaloosa Women's Club Spring Luncheon will be held on Friday, April 25, at noon at the First Presbyterian Church. All local talent is appearing for the program. Performing will be the men's quartet from the Central United Met

    April 17, 2014 1 Photo

  • Alcohol, prom, graduation don't mix DES MOINES -- April is Alcohol Awareness Month and marks the beginning of the prom and graduation season, a time when the spotlight turns to celebrations that can lead to underage drinking. The Iowa Alcoholic Beverages Division is encouraging retail

    April 17, 2014

  • Artifact 4-17 Do you know what this is?

    April 16, 2014 1 Photo

  • Blue Zones photo 2 Blue Zones kicks off OSKALOOSA -- Blue Zones Project held its Oskaloosa Kickoff Monday evening at the Oskaloosa High School gym to help improve the community's health. Blue Zones originated with Dan Buettner of National Geographic. He was asked to find areas of the world

    April 15, 2014 2 Photos

  • Motorist dies in one-vehicle accident Sunday

    April 14, 2014

  • Special Olympics photo 1 Oskaloosa hosts Special Olympics spring games OSKALOOSA -- About 250 athletes from around southeast Iowa gathered at the William Penn University Penn Activities Center Saturday to compete in the Special Olympics. Athletes tested their mettle in a variety of track and field events at the Special

    April 13, 2014 2 Photos

  • Statesmen announce cross country/track signees OSKALOOSA -- William Penn track and field coach Allen Friesen has announced the signings of numerous individuals to National Letters of Intent to compete for the cross country and/or track and field programs. Malik Brown, the son of Carrie Jones-Brow

    April 13, 2014

Oskaloosa Shopper
Hyperlocal Search
Premier Guide
Find a business

Walking Fingers
Maps, Menus, Store hours, Coupons, and more...
Premier Guide

Click HERE to read all your Parade favorites including Hollywood Wire, Celebrity interviews and photo galleries, Food recipes and cooking tips, Games and lots more.
Photo reprints